Tuesday, December 2, 2008

Turkey and its Internet bans.

While the Turkish Education Ministry will take legal action to shut down Web sites that are providing "ready homework" to students (maybe Wikipedia will be included..) two Turkish authors, Kerem Altıparmak and Yaman Akdeniz, wrote a book "Restricted Access," which assesses Internet content regulation and censorship in Turkey by providing an overview of the current legislation from a critical perspective.
According them Internet restrictions are against European Union norms and Turkey could face charges at the European Courts of Human Rights for violating the freedom of expression. I don't know if the Turkish government will take this serious or will say that 'Europe' is not allowed in domestic affairs...

Altıparmak, an assistant professor responsible for a number of projects carried out by Ankara University's Human Rights Center, claims Law No. 5651, which regulates publications on the Internet, is worse than the infamous Article 301 of the Turkish Penal Code (TCK).
The other co-author, Akdeniz, is a senior lecturer at the School of Law at the University of Leeds and founder of the UK-based Cyber-Rights.org.

Akdeniz and Altıparmak argue that Law No. 5651 was rushed through Parliament just before the Parliament was dissolved for the 2007 general elections and that it had not received broad public support before or after its enactment. Universities and experts, including bar associations, were not consulted about the bill, either.
The authors point out that Web sites can only be blocked if they commit crimes listed under Article 8 of Law No. 5651: encouraging suicide, sexual exploitation of minors, encouraging drug use, supplying harmful substances, obscenity, providing a forum for gambling and prostitution. Web sites may also be banned under other laws, such as the Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works. After examining the many instances of Web site bans over the past year, Altıparmak and Akdeniz suggest that many of the blocking orders that have been issued are actually against the law.
“It is unlawful for the courts, judges and public prosecutors to issue blocking orders and precautionary injunctions outside the scope of these two provisions. Based on this view, blocking orders issued outside the scope of these provisions should be lifted by the courts that issued the orders in the first place,” they claim.

And there is morreeee

Dutch Muslim organisation want halt to Islamic schools

Muslims want halt to Islamic schools

The umbrella organisation for Islamic schools in the Netherlands, ISBO, says no more schools should be opened until those that do exist are operating properly, according Yusuf Altuntas the head of the organisation.
Last month it emerged that many of the country's Islamic schools do not have their finances in order, are corrupt, and offer below standard teaching. Also, most of the managers of Islamitic schools are not capable and lack the education to run a school properly. "Lets first improve the standards of the current schools before we establish new ones' says Yusuf Altutas.

Day Opening - December 2

Jan de BRAY 1627-1697
The Governors of the Guild of St Luke, Haarlem 1675
oil on canvas 130.0 x 184.0 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Young artists learned from their masters how to pre-treat canvases and panels, prepare paint, and practise copying the work of their teachers. When a pupil was finally ready to set himself up as an independent painter, he had to become a member of the local guild in order to actually carry out his profession. The painter of this rare portrait of a group of artists, Jan de Bray, was himself a governor of the Haarlem painters' guild. He is the second figure on the left, holding a panel. The professional organization for painters in each Dutch city was the Guild of St. Luke, named after the New Testament saint who is said to have painted a picture of the Virgin Mary. An image of St. Luke appears here on the plaque which the guild's deacon, Gerrit Mulraet, (seated in front of the table) is showing to the viewer.